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The main element of EnglishKid is game which proves to be most effective way to learn English by kids throughout the world.

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Your child will be learning how to speak real English at the level American or British children speak from the very start

breadMost of us don’t remember anything before 2 years barrier – period which is among professionals referred to as “infantile amnesia”. We use what is stored in our memory through the same mechanism which fills our memory. It is a language we speak. Since babies do not know any language, they use language of gestures, hugs, kisses, smells and face expressions as their language. That is why the "taste" of childhood as well as its memories cannot be recovered, although it is recorded on the subconscious level of our memory and bears an impact on our life (or so we hope)

However, researchers have managed to prove that the memorizing process initiates very early. The six-month infant can, if he is showed how to do it, flip mobile phone which dangles on a ribbon in the cradle. And when the 10-month-old Luda found in her crib a toy dangling from her highchair, she started to rock it kicking it with her hand just the same way she had been shown a day or two before. "At first I thought, no, she cannot remember the movement" - the girl's mother says, "but then I saw that she was deliberately repeating it over and over again, with the same movement and with the same result. Obviously, she remembered the movement and repeated it. "

birdInfants remember the things that attract their interest, frighten or amuse them, for the next ten months after the first experience. "That explains," – says a professor at one of American Universities who has conducted the study of the children's memory - " the behaviour of my 12-month-old daughter when she started to cry straight after she saw a woman in a white coat with a short haircut. It was some time later when I came to comprehend that it was her who came three months ago to our home when my daughter had a cold. A child got frightened by all the unpleasant procedures and a cold, unfamiliar stethoscope”. The baby does not remember the visit by the doctor but she remembers her emotions during this visit, which in words can be interpreted as follows: “This woman did something to me that I didn’t like very much!".

Baby infant remembers an event which might has occurred only once, good or bad, because children at this age tend to generalize. "If it happened once" - they think, "this, of course, will happen again." The scenarios they remember can be pleasurable, "when I come to my grandmother I’ve always get to eat yummy cookies," unpleasant "when the babysitter comes this means that mommy goes," or stressful, "they have left me here with Uncle Andrew and returned with this squeaky crybaby!».

How to develop a child's memory in infancy?

The best way to develop memory at this age is to make recurring actions, usually those from daily routine. For example, before going to bed you can play a guessing game to guess action (hidden toy that appears in the expected time), or routinely do a “sleeping time” game with a favourite toy. It is good if you are humming some tunes or songs at the same time. This helps a child to get tuned in to the anticipated action that will occur. If you sing the same song regularly the child is likely to join with “goo-goo, ga-ga” rhymes or fill pauses with exclamations and movements with their arms and legs. Therefore, for the initial development of a memory it is recommended to sing songs, rhythmic tunes while performing rhythmic movements to stimulate a child to repeat actions to the beat of the rhythm. For example, as shown in the video song «The itsy bitsy spider»:

Lyrics

The itsy bitsy spider
Climbed up the waterspout

Down came the rain
And washed the spider out.

Out came the sun
And dried up all the rain

So the itsy-bitsy spider
Climbed up the spout again!

Tips and Tricks

Allow a child to perform simple routing actions performed by you. For example let him/her put a napkin on a table, take a towel from the rack, spread out the blanket etc. But be cautious not to underestimate merely developing a child's memory. If you show how to open and close a drawer where you store cookies you will very soon regret about it!

Тrain a visual memory of your child with the help of pictures. If a child for some reason has not seen his/her grandmother for a long time, show him / her a picture of a grandma this way reviving memories stored in his / her memory.

Age 2 to 5 years old

a1In order to develop a child's memory it is important not simply talk but also know how to tell stories. The stories which you tell must create a memorable context. Presenting a story in the sequence of events lays the main foundation for the development of a good memory.

Preschoolers (2 to 5 years) can remember certain events from their life. For example, they remember something that when being an adult they would describe this way: "On that day I was wearing a red swimming suit, we were at the beach where we met up with two my cousins​​." But not this way:"I remember the beach." That is, in this age a child remembers events that can be linked into the story, with incidents, descriptions and participants.

This is exactly the reason why reading and inventing your own stories is a part of English learning process in our school. Communicative approach in English teaching starts at this age, using fairy tales and stories about colourful characters and the very real "characters" from the child's life.

hareThis does not mean, however, that preschoolers only remember the dynamic, developing and meaningful events. Children at the preschool age begin to remember abstract ideas, such as colours, counting to ten and the alphabet. This information is stored in their children short-term memory and therefore an effort is required on their part in order to "extract" the information from the memory when they need it. But there comes a time when the process of "recovery" becomes instant and then they don’t have to apply effort. Time comes when they do not remember the names of flowers - they just know it.

Turning abstract memory into solid knowledge takes place after repeated extraction of these abstract fragments from memory. The mechanism of this transformation is similar to learning how to drive or blind type on a keyboard. At first, in order to remember which way to turn the gear you have to concentrate on it all your attention. All your energy goes into it! And then, after a while, the extraction of knowledge from the memory occurs automatically. In this case, the result is entirely dependent on practice.

That is why our teachers are constantly doing exercises aimed at repeating, creating associations with the previously studied material to help children memorize and recall what they have in mind already.

Also preschoolers tend to remember those things that are of interest to them. For example, so much desired and forbidden sister’s doll! When it comes to remembering more difficult things the most effective and most familiar to all the parents tool is repetition. "We were in the car, and my mother in law was telling me about some events from the life of my husband and his brother when they were children" – Olga says. "At this time, my 3.5 year old daughter was sitting in her chair in the back seat of the car, and listened. She made a mother in law to repeat the story eight times! And then retold us the whole story in great detail.

When a child asks you to read the same book over and over again he / she inadvertently is using the strategy of repetition in order to better remember all the details. And if this book is written in verse form with a catchy rhyme, with good pictures and interesting characters, the child is likely to recite a whole poem of a part thereof to you after some time. And dare not to try to skip some pieces when you read next time! You will be caught in "bad faith"!

Exercises and techniques for memory training

Repeating, although it helps information storing in the memory, gives little development to the memory. But it was discovered by scientists that a child will tremendously increase their ability to memorize if they learn how to tell stories. That’s why in our school as a part of teaching process a child is asked to tell stories from their life or based on the materials.

Therefore it is recommended to the parents to bring back memories and retell stories that have occurred in your life and in the life of a child. Such "paraphrasing" and "memories shuffling" is very effective for the development of the memory in the long term. In the process of retelling a child learns what information he/she needs to keep and how to keep it better.

In order to help your child learn how to tell stories:

gubka-bob-risuem-24Encourage him / her to tell stories based on his / her own experience. But don’t pick out only bright events, such as a visit to the amusement park. Encourage your child to tell stories of his daily life. Ask him to tell you about the lesson or how he played with other children.

Be specific with your questions. The questions should be as follows: "Did you have again pancakes for your breakfast in the kindergarten? Did you drink milk or tea?”. Going through the conversation be guided by what is interesting to the child, not what is interesting to you. For example, you can continue by asking, "pancakes were with raisins or jam? Did you eat and sipped milk or first eat pancakes and then drink the milk? Did you eat all the pancakes? And how about your friend Victor? Did he also eat the entire meal? Did Vitya have "whiskers" on his lips after milk? etc.

Tips and Tricks

"Reconstruction" of the past. If your four year old son or daughter has lost his/her favourite toy help them to recall the story by asking how, when and where they played that day with his or her Barbie or Batman, and maybe his or her Barbie or Batman rolled under the bed?

Сreate melodies and rhythms. Help your child memorize his / her phone number by putting numbers on the beat. Similarly, you can teach a child to remember his / her name and surname by singing them to the tune. Well suited for this purpose is the song "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star", especially for remembering phone numbers

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,

How I wonder what you are.

Up above the world so high,

Like a diamond in the sky.

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,

How I wonder what you are!

If you want your child to remember something for sure, do it in everyday life. Particularly well this approach can be used to memorize the rules of safety, colours and the alphabet. Pay attention of your child to the letters in road signs or on product packaging. Give your child a phone, so that he / she called home by themselves. Do not forget to remind him / her to look both ways every time before you cross the road.

5 years and up

a3

At the age of 5 years and older children learn how to read and the basics of arithmetic. These tasks require much more effort from the memory. And at the same time, children begin to take more part in the everyday home life. By this age, children's memory is able to perform more complex tasks and to store larger volume of information.

But even at this age children do not equally remember different things. "Children, likewise adults, particularly well remember what interests them, what they know a lot about and what they understand," a professor who carried out the research in the field of memory said. Elementary school student may demonstrate the phenomenal abilities in one area, be it a division, geography or the study of life habits of Australian lark. At the age of 6 years old a child can tell you all the details about his favourite football players such as their height, weight, number of goals scored, which team they are playing for and where, etc.

dogHowever, no matter how frustrating it can be, you’ve got to know that a phenomenal child's ability to remember in one area does not necessarily translate to a different area of knowledge. Thus, in one of the well-known experiments it was established that children who studied the chess art could much better remember the position of the pieces on the board than the adult beginners. At the same time same children got significantly poorer results in comparison to adults when they were asked to memorize and repeat some numbers in the sequence. Their memory was selectively good only for chess. And children often develop a good memory only for the things they are interested in, such as their favourite athletes.

So how does a child remember school assignments which are far less interesting than the latest series of "Sponge Bob" or a computer game? When a child discovers that he forgets the things (the curriculum) that he is wanted to remember, he begins to realize that the memory requires training. "Having turned five years old children radically change their perception of the world and realize that they need to practice in order to improve their memory," - says Melissa Welch-Ross, Ph.D., assistant professor of psychological studies in the University of Georgia.

Exercises and techniques for the development of a memory

Despite the fact that the 6-year-old or 7-year-old child can, by applying a strategy, achieve significant results in one area, a child at this age still cannot apply this same strategy to other areas. In the study with first-graders and third graders children had to perform an assignment where they were required to attribute some objects to the groups where they belong based on their size and other features. Both first graders and third graders handled this task equally well after they were shown on what strategy to act. But when given a similar, but a different task the first-graders didn’t think to apply the same strategy for its implementation while the third graders did.

Therefore it is very important that a child understands the strategy how to implement the task. If a child understands how he is supposed to achieve the result in a particular case, if they understand the strategy that is used to perform a task, in this case the child will be able to apply this once comprehended strategy to other tasks in a different context.

David Bjorklund, Ph.D., author of "The Children's thinking," recommends the following exercises and techniques for the development of the memory of the children of this age:

kissEnourage your child to the process of preparation. Encourage your child to put books and everything he/she needs for school in the evening.

Encourage your child to have a specific place for each of his / her belongings. If he puts his Pokemon in the same place every time after the game there will be no tears because of its loss!

Encourage your child to visualize their thoughts. A child who makes a list of gifts in his/her mind that he / she would want to get for their birthday most likely imagines the store and himself walking between rows.

Leave hints for a child that will help the child's memory. For example, put his shoes in an empty bowl of a dog and your child will not forget to feed his friend before leaving for school.

Tips and Tricks

Encourage your child to complete what he/she has planed. For example, ask your child to develop and maintain a calendar of events that are important to him.

Create around the child context. Aspirations and new occupations create more rich foundation for the development of a rich memory of your child. If you want for your child to have a great memory say in music, create the appropriate context. Make sure that nice music often plays in your house, take musical lessons for a child, take him / her to concerts and read books about composers.

The key to success is in gradual approach and consistency. Your child can learn a long poem if he/she breaks it into smaller pieces and learn them gradually. Teach him how to use this strategy not only in application to poems, but also to remember the facts of history, even such complicated as the history of the Second World War.

By 12 years old a child can use the same strategies and techniques to solve different tasks as adults do. And then the ability to memorize only increases as new knowledge and experience builds up. Of course, this is preceded by a period during which the parents have to remember a lot of things for the child. But, in spite of the fact that the doors to the gigantic reserves of a memory opens gradually, good news is that these doors stay open for a long, long time.

As can be seen from the above, the development of a memory first of all is a versatile process closely related to a real life. The same can be said about learning English. Learning English by kids in our school is based primarily on the development of memory rather than merely memorization, and includes visualization (work with many images), remembering a sound and pronunciation (through repeating after a teacher and songs) and remembering in action (which is naturally for a child). Studying English by a child includes drawing, listening, recitation, imaginative and logical thinking. One of the first tasks, as we see it, is creating a multi-layer, broad context (people, animals, holidays, different cultures, ways of life, the seasons, state of our mind and body) and getting a child placed in this context through the practical application of the English language.